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Wednesday, May 15, 2013

ADHD Is Not as Easy as One Two Three

From Healthline.com

By Valerie Johnston - A Specially-Submitted Guest Post!
May 13, 2013

From a global, fifty-thousand foot view, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is an apparent condition of a person living in a closed world of their own making, constantly wiggling, unable to be attentive in school or at home, throwing emotional outbursts and generally ignoring the reality around them. This condition typically displays in early childhood.

However, adults may also be diagnosed with the condition, or they may have carried the condition from their childhood.

The diagnosis seems to have become complicated. When first diagnosed, it was called attention deficit disorder (ADD). It was thought to be a singular malady, but it gradually began to display variable behaviors beyond the original observations of ADD.

ADHD is now diagnosed as exhibiting three different types of behavior expressed as a combination of conditions, or singular conditions: Combined Type, Inattentive Type, or Hyperactive-Impulsive Type. It is a situation whereby the expression of different behaviors may share the same neurological dysfunction.

The Three Types of ADHD

The combined type expresses the behaviors of both of the other two types that are described below:

The inattentive type expresses behaviors of failure to pay attention, distraction, forgetfulness, inability to follow instructions, avoiding tasks involving effort, loss of items needed to complete assigned tasks and making thoughtless errors.

The hyperactive-impulsive type exhibits behaviors of fidgeting and wiggling, frequent rising when seated, running about or climbing when instructed to be seated, emotional outbursts unrelated to the environment, difficulty to play quietly, speaking frequently or out of turn and interrupting others.

All that said, kids will act like kids; they always have and they always will. They seem to express the wide spectrum of emotional and physical outlets, so, of course, from time to time, even normal children will sometimes express the very same behaviors that point to ADHD, and yet, they are not and should not be diagnosed with ADHD.

How is a parent to know the difference between an occasionally overactive or inattentive child and the child who has a potential neurological disorder?

Tips to Help Identify ADHD

The child may be frequently inattentive, in his own world, daydreaming.

The child may not be paying attention when spoken to directly, even if, by appearance, she is. If asked a question, does the answer relate?

The child may be as intelligent or even of greater intelligence than others, but results of school work may exhibit frequent and unexpected mistakes.

Children are natural sponges for knowledge and activities, but ADHD limits the necessary attentiveness to stay on point long enough to complete a task once it is started.

Every child is a wiggle-worm at times, but if their motor skills are constantly on display, uncontrolled even by request from any authority, it may point to ADHD.

The child may have difficulty recognizing that others have needs and wants that will not cater to him. He may not acknowledge his self-centered behavior.

If a child happens to express these behaviors on an occasional basis, but is usually happy to play with others, is appropriately quiet and remains seated, or is boisterous when warranted, finishes tasks when needed, pays attention and is obedient, that child is not likely at risk to be diagnosed with ADHD.

Patience is the key in the observation of behavior. Spend sufficient time to observe the child under variable conditions of environment, time of day and with whom he or she associates. If the behaviors indicated above seem to be more frequently displayed, it is time to document what is observed and take the child to an appropriate physician for diagnosis and treatment.


Valerie Johnston is a health and fitness writer located in East Texas. With ambitions of one day running a marathon, writing for Healthline.com ensures she keeps up-to-date on all of the latest health and fitness news.

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