From Smart Kids with LD
By Leslie Josel
May 13, 2013
Although time management can be challenging for anyone, students with LD and ADHD often have a harder time with it than other students. The following are tools and tips to help your child master basic time-management skills—skills that are fundamental to success—particularly as students reach higher grades:
1.) Have your child use an academic planner to help her stay on track. Whether she uses a paper planner or an electronic calendar, make sure her planner is set up as a grid system so she can see her week at a glance.
Record all her class assignments, after school activities, work commitments, and plans with friends. This will allow her to know what she needs to do and when she has time for planning to get other things done.
2.) Encourage your child to do the hardest, longest or least-liked activity first so that he will find it satisfying to move on to tasks he finds less daunting or more enjoyable.
3.) Hang an analog clock in each room that your child does homework in, so she can see the “sweep” of time. Analog clocks (as opposed to digital clocks) show that time moves and lets your child know where she stands in relation to the rest of the hour or the day.
4.) Make his tasks achievable. Your child is more likely to complete his assignments if they are broken down into manageable parts. It is easier to write one paragraph for an essay in an afternoon than it is to complete the entire research paper. Have him check his planner for available pockets of time and schedule accordingly. Setting unrealistic goals can set them up for failure.
5.) When tackling a long-term project, work with your child to establish the goal of the project and break down each step into manageable parts. Assign deadlines for completing each one. Rely on visual organizational aids like planners, post-it calendars, or wipe boards (my favorite) to record all important information and deadlines.
6.) Help your child determine how much time he needs to complete tasks. To become more realistic about how long tasks take, have him write down time estimates and then compare them to the actual time it took to complete the task. The more he records and corrects how long it takes him to do something, the better he will become in narrowing the gap between estimated and actual time.
7.) Devices such as timers and buzzers can help a child self-monitor and keep track of time. For example, during quiet or reading time, a timer placed on a desk can help your child know exactly where the time is going, and also help her become aware of when transitions to other activities will take place.
8.) If your child will allow it, set it to music! Music is rhythm and rhythm is structure. And we all know that students with learning differences and attention deficits need structure. Music can help a student plan what to do next, anticipate and react, as well as soothe and regulate the brain.
Have your child create a 30-minute playlist of music he loves. The key is to play the same playlist every time he sits down to work. Eventually the music will act as a time marker and he’ll know that when he hears Bruno Mars, he’s in the homestretch.
9.) Get active. Put “energy” into her tasks by having your child stand up to read or walk the dog while they review their notes. Or set up homework stations around your house and play “Hide the Homework.” Adding energy and fun to her daily routine will keep her motivated and on-task.
It is important to help your child understand that just like any other muscle, strengthening the time-management “muscle” takes consistent training. Learning to manage time requires learning new behaviors, developing unique strategies, and a great deal of patience.
I equate it to running a marathon. As your child’s “coach,” it’s your job to help him identify his struggles, improve the skills essential to carrying out important tasks, and assist him in developing strategies and tools to make it to the finish line!
Leslie Josel is the principal of Order Out of Chaos, an organizing consulting firm specializing in student organizing and chronic disorganization. She is an ADHD specialist and the creator of the “Academic Planner: A Tool for Time Management.”