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Wednesday, December 11, 2013

CDC Study: ADHD Diagnoses Continue To Rise

From Smart Kids with LD

December 10, 2013

A new study has found that more than one in 10 U.S. children have been diagnosed with ADHD.

Findings from a 2011 survey by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) show the number of children diagnosed with ADHD has continued to increase since 2003, though the steady rise may be slowing now.

Among the key findings reported on the CDC Website are:

64 million (11%) U.S. school-aged children had received an ADHD diagnosis by a health care provider by 2011, as reported by parents, including:
  • 1 in 5 high school boys
  • 1 in 11 high school girls
The percentage of US children 4-17 years of age with an ADHD diagnosis increased by 42% (approximately 5% per year) between 2003 and 2011:
  • 7.8% had ever had a diagnosis in 2003
  • 9.5% had ever had a diagnosis in 2007
  • 11.0% had ever had a diagnosis in 2011
The percentage of children 4-17 years of age taking medication for ADHD, as reported by parents, increased by 28% between 2007 and 2011.

The average age of ADHD diagnosis was 7 years of age, but children reported by their parents as having more severe ADHD were diagnosed earlier.
  • 8 years of age was the average age of diagnosis for children reported as having mild ADHD
  • 7 years of age was the average age of diagnosis for children reported as having moderate ADHD
  • 5 years of age was the average age of diagnosis for children reported as having severe ADHD
More US children were reported by their parents to be receiving ADHD treatment in 2011 compared to 2007, however treatment gaps may exist.
  • In 2011, as many as 17.5% of children with current ADHD were reported by their parents as not receiving either medication for ADHD or mental health counseling
The patterns in ADHD diagnosis and medication treatment showed increases in the percentages overall, however some new patterns emerged between 2007 and 2011. Between 2007 and 2011, the percentage of children reported by their parents to have a history of ADHD diagnosed by a health-care provider:
  • Decreased among multiracial children and children of other races when compared to black or white children
  • Was similar among older teens
The number of US families impacted by ADHD continues to increase.
  • An estimated 2 million more children were reported by their parents to be diagnosed by a health care professional with ADHD in 2011, compared to 2003
  • An estimated 1 million more children were reported by their parents to be taking medication for ADHD in 2011, compared to 2003.

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