From Smart Kids with LD
By Susan Baum, Ph.D.
January 7, 2014
We’re getting to know more and more about the relationship between dyslexia —reading disabilities—and the wonderful abilities that children with dyslexia and other learning disabilities often have in other areas.
Bright kids with learning disabilities generally have special talents in one of four areas: performing arts, visual arts, science and engineering and architecture
Sadly, these subjects are not valued in school the way reading and writing are. School is really a language arts lesson. If your child likes science or is good in sports, she will have to write about it.
Everything's about writing or reading. This amounts to a kind of educational abuse of students whose talents are in other areas.
Many of these kids feel stupid. They begin not to hand in their work. They know they’re smart, but if they hand in their work they may not get a good grade. Sometimes they would rather get a poor grade for not handing it in, than have their teacher give them a poor grade, which verifies that they’re not smart.
Paying attention to what these children do well is crucial for their success. That’s where you can make a difference. As a participant in the IEP process, make sure that the following conditions become a part of your child’s educational plan.
1. Nurture Talent. What do you do to recognize your child’s talent? Where is specific attention paid to her gift? It doesn’t have to be in a gifted program.
For a young scientist, who is helping him find a mentor to enter that science competition? Is a great cartoonist doing an apprenticeship with a local newspaper cartoonist? Is somebody helping a young poet get her poems published?
It is extremely important that the gift is not put on hold until they catch up academically. Although she may improve each year, if she has a reading disability she’s never going to become the best reader in the class. She may always have to compensate.
If her gift is not getting attention in school, then you must take charge. Where do you want her to spend her time? Going to summer school in reading, or going to a camp where she can feel good about her talent in drama? Find a way to value and be excited about what your child does well, because that is how she is going to make it in the world. Her success is not likely going to come down to whether she can do math a little bit better.
2. Ensure an Appropriate Environment. Some teachers understand that these bright children need intellectual challenges, and that although they can not read well, they can still learn sophisticated information via documentary films, computer software, books on tape, use of a Kindle or other reading device, or through the use of text-to-speech software. It is important for your child’s teacher to value making a video or working on a project as much as he values writing a book report.
Concerning the physical learning environment: Are children allowed to read by lamp light rather than fluorescent light, if it helps them? Is background noise filtered out for some or allowed for others? Are children who need to move around in order to concentrate allowed to do so?
3. Select Compensation Strategies. Learn what strategies work best for your child and then make them part of his IEP or 504 plan. Examples include using a calculator for learning math facts and a word processor to overcome handwriting difficulty; sitting in front; getting to be friends with another student who takes good notes or having an assigned note-taker.
4. Provide Social and Emotional Support. Perhaps there are other kids like her to give her the confidence that she can succeed. Teachers can offer options for communicating knowledge, pair her with another child to consult with about assignments, directions, etc. or arrange for group projects.
When we help her find the right place, she can do extraordinarily well.