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Friday, May 9, 2014

Tips to Pass Along to Your Kids' Teachers: Test Prep with Less Stress

From Responsive Classroom

May 2, 2014

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And a few you can try at home, too!
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As we approached testing season, the already anxiety-prone fourth graders I teach began asking questions about test dates, format, and content. These signs of stress, combined with antsiness brought on by the arrival of long-awaited spring weather and a week of spring break, all came at once this year.

I was feeling stressed, too. I had a lot to "get through" before our standardized state testing in May, and I felt pressured to get the information out as quickly as possible. This year, however, I decided to try a few things to make preparing for testing feel less stressful—for the students and myself. For example:

More Academics in Morning Meeting

When time is a challenge and there is content to be reviewed, integrating academic contents into Morning Meetings can help keep the focus on learning in an engaging way.

For instance, I've recently written Morning Messages that invite students to brainstorm content vocabulary and to list the names of great leaders. I've embedded academic concepts into activities like "Five Questions Three Clues," "Group Charades," and "Silly Sentences."

And, I've given sharing an academic focus, too. Open-ended questions can be great for this. For instance, I recently had partners share responses to the question "Which war had a greater impact on America: the American Revolution or the Civil War and why?" Listening in on their conversations helped me assess what the class remembered about those topics and helped me decide whether to spend additional time on reviewing them.


Making Learning Meaningful

It's hard to avoid talking at students when time is running out and there is a years' worth of material to review. But when I teach this way, I know many of my students have trouble retaining the information. During lessons where I do most or all of the talking, I see students whispering to one another or looking elsewhere, and the next day many of them don't remember what I said because it wasn't meaningful to them.

This year I resolved to try and keep learning engaging, even when we had a lot to get through. One strategy was to use interactive learning structures that got everyone involved instead of lecturing. For instance, to review the Civil War leaders we'd learned about, I divided the class into groups and assigned each group a leader to focus on. Then, after they'd made a list of key facts about their leader, I reconfigured the class into groups that included one "expert" on each leader. In these groups, students took turns sharing key facts about their leaders with the others.

Giving students a choice in what or how they review is another way to keep learning meaningful. For instance, during their review of multi-digit multiplication, students had choices for how they could practice: creating multi-step problems for classmates to solve, using digit cards to create two numbers to multiply together and then comparing the product of their equation with a partner to see whose is greater, or playing multiplication bingo with a partner on the interactive whiteboard.

Keep Doing Energizers

We all benefit from quick breaks throughout the school day. Early in the school year I do energizers throughout the school day, but as testing season approached and I started feeling like there was less time in the day, I noticed that I was doing them less frequently. I resolved to make a point of letting the class stretch and move around more.

Taking time for a quick energizer, a silly song or even a few deep breaths not only wakes students (and teachers!) up, it lets us have some fun and connect with one another.

End the Day on a Positive Note

At this stressful time of year for students and teachers, Closing Circle strengthens our community and can be particularly important for students who are anxious about the tests. Ending the day in a positive way gives students a chance to reflect, celebrate, have fun, or simply say goodbye to one another after a long day of learning. Having students share a success from the day or do a quick closing activity reminds everyone that our classroom is a place to learn and grow and that tomorrow is another day to try again.

Our state testing is in May this year, so we're now in the final days leading up to it, but I already feel like the strategies I tried this year have been worth it. We've kept the focus on learning and continued to enjoy the community we've built together all year, and it's certainly been less stressful for all of us.

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